UGC (University Grants Commission) is a statutory organization, which was established by the Union government in 1956. Its main objective is to provide recognition to Indian universities and provide funds to such recognized universities and colleges. Every year, a huge number of candidates appear for the NET (National Eligibility Test). The test is conducted for determining the eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for awarding the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to Indian nationals for pursuing their Ph.D. or research.
The NET examination is held twice a year, mostly in June and December. But there are many candidates who are confused between UGC NET and CSIR-UGC NET. Although the purpose of conducting both of these exams is same, there is a difference in the subjects involved. CSIR and UGC are two different government departments and both conduct their respective NET entrance exam. The former is conducted for the Science stream, whereas the latter is conducted for all the other streams.
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UGC NET :
UGC NET stands for The University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test. It is the test conducted by the National Testing Agency to know the eligibility of the students who want to become an Assistant Professor, Junior Research Fellowship or both. UGC NET or NET is one of the highest entrance examinations in the country which determines the eligibility of the aspirants for university and college-level lectureship. This exam is conducted to assess the Indian students for a lecturer position in Indian Universities and Colleges. Interested students who want to attend and score well must collect all the information about the exam like registration process, eligibility, syllabus, exam pattern and exam dates and further processes details in order to understand the selection process further. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted the UGC NET exam Until July 2018 but from December 2018 onwards, NTA is conducting the UGC National Eligibility Test. As per the press-release by Indian Government, the exam would be conducted twice a year, and it will be conducted in an online mode instead of offline mode.
CSIR stands for Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR). It is a premier national R&D organization and is among the world's largest publicly funded R&D organization. CSIR conducts the Joint CSIR UGC NET, which is a national level entrance examination in the field of Science including Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, and Earth Atmospheric Ocean and Planetary Sciences.
Junior Research Fellowship or JRF is a scheme provided by University Grant Commission during advance studies (M.Phil/PhD). The scheme is for those candidates who qualify the National Eligibility Test of UGC or CSIR joint test. Moreover, the National Eligibility Test is conducted twice a year. The main objective of the Junior Research Fellowship is to provide opportunities to qualified candidates to go in research work under advance studies (M.Phil/ PhD).
Jobs for NET Qualified Candidates :
University Grants Commission (UGC) announced in 2013 that the candidates who clear the NET successfully would be eligible for lucrative jobs in public sector undertakings (PSUs). PSUs can use UGC-NET scores for the recruitment process of the posts of executives in their organizations in disciplines like science (R&D), management, corporate communications, human resources, and finance. This step taken by the UGC would also increase the number of students taking the UGC-NET examination which has witnessed a gradual decline in recent years.