Current Affairs 20 November, 2019

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1. Aruna Bhoomi: First Hindi daily launched in Arunachal Pradesh

  • Hindi language is the bond that unites the diverse ethnic tribes of the state who speak different dialects, the chief minister said at the launch programme of 'Aruna Bhoomi' the first Hindi daily in the north-eastern state.
  • The publisher cum chief editor of the daily Takam Sonia informed that 'Arun Bhoomi' would be flexible as far as grammar is concerned and patronise writings in Arunachalee Hindi.

Foot Notes:
About Arunachal Pradesh
Capital:
Itanagar
Chief Minister: Pema Khandu

2. Lok Sabha passes Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019

  • A bill to raise the monetary limits for chit funds by three times and the commission for the person managing the fund to 7 per cent from the current 5 was approved by Lok Sabha.
  • The Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019 also introduces words such as "fraternity fund", "rotating savings" and "credit institution" to make chit funds more respectable.
  • According to the bill, it is proposed to raise the maximum chit amount from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 3 lakh for those managed by individuals or less than four partners, and from Rs 6 lakh to Rs 18 lakh for firms with four or more partners.

Foot Notes:
Minister of State for Finance:  Anurag Thakur.

3. Defence Minister visits Kranji War Memorial in Singapore, pays tribute to World War martyrs

  • Visiting the Kranji War Memorial in Singapore, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, who is on a two-day visit to the island city, paid tributes to those who sacrificed their lives during the World War-II.
  • Comprising the Memorial Walls, the State Cemetery, the War Graves and the Military Graves, the memorial is dedicated to the men and women from countries, including, the UK, India, Malaya, the Netherlands, Canada, Sri Lanka and New Zealand, who laid down their lives defending Malaya and Singapore against the invasion of Japan forces during the second World War.

Foot Notes:
About Singapore
Currency: Singapore dollar

4. World Children’s Day observed on November 20

  • World Children’s Day was first established in 1954 as Universal Children's Day and is celebrated on 20 November each year to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children's welfare.
  • November 20th is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. It is also the date in 1989 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Since 1990, World Children's Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the Declaration and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Foot Notes:
About UN General Assembly
President: Tijjani Muhammad-Bande
Headquarters: New York, United States

5. Virat Kohli named PETA India's 2019 Person of the Year

  • India captain Virat Kohli was named People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India’s Person of the Year for 2019 for his animal advocacy efforts.
  • A vegetarian, Kohli’s efforts to improve conditions for animals include sending a letter on PETA India’s behalf to officials calling for the release of Malti, an elephant used for rides at Amer Fort, who was reportedly violently beaten by eight men, a PETA India statement said.
  • Past recipients of PETA India’s Person of the Year award include Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, former Supreme Court Justice KS Panicker Radhakrishnan, and actors Anushka Sharma, Hema Malini, R Madhavan, and Jacqueline Fernandez.

Foot Notes:
About PETA
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Headquarters: Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Founded: 22 March 1980, Rockville, Maryland, United States
Motto: "Animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way."
President: Ingrid Newkirk

6. Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella tops Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 list

  • Microsoft’s India-born Chief Executive Officer Satya Nadella has occupied the top spot in Fortune’s Businessperson of the Year 2019 list, an annual compilation that also includes Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga and Arista head Jayshree Ullal.
  • Fortune’s annual Businessperson of the Year list features 20 business leaders “who tackled audacious goals, overcame impossible odds, found creative solutions”. The list is topped by Nadella, who has been at the helm of the technology giant since 2014.
  • Banga is ranked 8th, while Ullal comes in at the 18th spot in the list for which Fortune looked at 10 financial factors ranging from total return to shareholders to return on capital. Both Banga and Ullal are of Indian-origin.

7. President’s Colour awarded to Indian Naval Academy

  • President Ram Nath Kovind, the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces, awarded the President’s Colour to Indian Naval Academy (INA) Ezhimala on 20 November 2019.
  • The President’s Colour - the highest honour that is bestowed upon a military unit - was received by Academy Cadet Captain Sushil Singh on behalf of the INA.
  •  A special postal cover was also released by the President to commemorate the occasion.

8. Nuclear-capable Prithvi-II Missile successfully testfired off Odisha coast.

  • India successfully testfired night its indigenously developed nuclear capable surface-to-surface Prithvi-2 missile as part of a user trial by the Indian Army from a test range off Odisha coast, an official of the ITR said.
  • "Two Prithvi-2 missiles were test fired consecutively and both tests met all parameters," the official said from the Interim Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur.
  • The trial of the missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the ITR between 7 pm to 7.15 pm, he said.

9. Home Ministry cancels citizenship of Telangana MLA Ramesh Chennamaneni for concealing facts about his visits abroad.

  • Telangana MLA Ramesh Chennamaneni is no longer an Indian citizen, the government declared, accusing him of misrepresenting and concealing facts and securing citizenship by fraud. It was "not conducive to the public good that Mr Chennamaneni continues to be a citizen of India," said the home ministry in a 13-page order.
  • Mr Chennamaneni, a member of the state's ruling Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), had concealed facts about his visits abroad during the one-year period preceding his application for Indian citizenship, the home ministry said in its order.
  • The government said he had German citizenship and did not fulfil the criteria for seeking Indian citizenship in 2009.

Foot Notes:
About Telangana
Capital: Hyderabad
Governor: Tamilisai Soundararajan
Chief Minister: K. Chandrashekar Rao

10. Africa Industrialization Day: 20 November

  • Africa Industrialization Day is celebrated on November 20 each year.It is a time when governments and other organizations in many African countries examine ways to stimulate Africa’s industrialization process.
  •  It is also an occasion to draw worldwide media attention to the problems and challenges of industrialization in Africa.
  • 2019 Theme: “Positioning African Industry to Supply the AfCFTA Market” will raise awareness in the international community on the challenges and opportunities for Africa’s industrialization within the framework of the newly created African Continental Free Trade Area.

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