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Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 30 November 2022

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!
 
1. REFRAIN (verb) : बचना
Pronunciation: ruh•frayn
Meaning: stop oneself from doing something.
Synonyms: desist, hold back
Antonyms: indulge, venture
Sentence: Alpa refrained from comment.
 
2. COMPREHENSIVE (adj) : व्यापक
Pronunciation: kaam•pruh•hen•suhv
Meaning: including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something.
Synonyms: complete, thorough
Antonyms: partial, selective
Sentence: Ram showed me a comprehensive collection of photographs.
 
3. SPURT (verb) : उछलना
Pronunciation: spurt
Meaning: gush out in a sudden and forceful stream.
Synonyms: squirt, spray
Antonym: contain
Sentence: Rajan cut his finger, and blood spurted over the sliced potatoes.
 
4. BRUNT (adj) : आघात
Pronunciation: bruhnt
Meaning: the worst part or chief impact of a specified action.
Synonyms: force, shock
Antonyms: ease, peace, relaxation
Sentence: Education will bear the brunt of the cuts.
 
5. STULTIFY (verb) : उबा देना
Pronunciation: stuhl•tuh•fai
Meaning: cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine.
Synonyms: impede, hamper
Antonym: excite
Sentence: Swati is too polite to bore us with anecdotes.
 
6. POTENTIAL (adj) : क्षमता
Pronunciation: puh•ten•shl
Meaning: having or showing the capacity to develop into something in the future.
Synonyms: likely, prospective
Antonym: unlikely
Sentence: We are a part of a campaign to woo potential customers.
 
7. DISMISS (verb) : विदा करना
Pronunciation: duh•smis
Meaning: order or allow to leave; send away.
Synonyms: release, free
Antonym: form
Sentence: I dismissed the taxi at the end of the road.
 
8. COMMEND (verb) : सराहना करना
Pronunciation: kuh•mend
Meaning: praise formally or officially.
Synonyms: compliment, congratulate
Antonym: criticise
Sentence: Rama was commended by the judge for his courageous actions.
 
9. VORACITY (noun) : पेटूपन
Pronunciation: vaw•ra•suh•tee
Meaning: excessive desire to eat
Synonyms: rapacity, ravenousness, sweet tooth
Antonyms: glut, repletion, satisfaction
Sentence: He ate with the voracity of a starving man.
 
10. DEVASTATION (noun) : तबाही
Pronunciation: deh•vuh•stay•shn
Meaning: the state of being decayed or destroyed
Synonyms: annihilate, decimation, demolish
Antonyms: rescue, salvage, saving
Sentence: The hurricane caused widespread devastation.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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