Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 28 November 2022


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!
1. GAILY (adverb) : सुखपूर्वक
Pronunciation: gay•lee
Meaning: in a cheerful or light-hearted way.
Synonyms: cheerfully, cheerily
Antonym: miserably
Sentence: All the young soldiers smiled gaily as they watched him.
2. DRUDGERY (noun) : कठिन श्रम
Pronunciation: druh•jr•ee
Meaning : hard menial or dull work.
Synonyms: donkey work, toil
Antonym: relaxation
Sentence: Women see domestic drudgery everyday.
3. QUOTIDIAN (adj) : दैनिक
Pronunciation: kwow•ti•dee•uhn
Meaning : of or occurring every day; daily.
Synonyms: everyday, day-to-day
Antonym: unusual
Sentence: His story is an achingly human one, mired in quotidian details.
4. GAMELY (adverb) : वीरता से
Pronunciation: gaym·lee
Meaning: in a brave, spirited way.
Synonyms: enthusiastically, fearlessly
Antonym: cowardly
Sentence: Abhinav battled gamely but was outclassed by his more experienced opponent.
5. CONSENT (noun) : सहमति
Pronunciation: gaym•lee
Meaning : permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
Synonyms: agreement, permission
Antonyms: dissent, disagreement
Sentence: Change was made without the consent.
6. CULMINATION (noun) : परिणति
Pronunciation: kuhl•muh•nay•shn
Meaning: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.
Synonyms: peak, pinnacle
Antonym: nadir
Sentence: The deal marked the culmination of years of negotiation.
7. PEER (noun) : सहकर्मी
Pronunciation: peer
Meaning : look with difficulty or concentration at someone or something.
Synonyms: co-worker, compeer
Antonyms: commoner, junior
Sentence: Rajan has got criticism from his peers.
8. CODIFY (verb) : संहिताबद्ध करना
Pronunciation: kow•duh•fai
Meaning : arrange (laws or rules) into a systematic code.
Synonyms: systematize, arrange
Antonyms: disarrange, disorder
Sentence: The statutes have codified certain branches of common law.
9. HEGEMONY (noun) : नायकत्व
Pronunciation: huh•jeh•muh•nee
Meaning : leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
Meaning: control by one country or org
Synonyms: ascendance, dominance, reign
Antonyms: weakness, impotence
Sentence: US & China are competing for hegemony in African continent.
10. VACUUM (noun) : शून्य स्थान
Pronunciation: va•kyoom
Meaning : a space entirely devoid of matter.
Meaning: a space that is completely empty/ something is missing
Synonyms: blankness, void, depletion
Antonyms: completeness, abundance
Sentence: Sound waves cannot travel through a vacuum.
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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