Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 26 July 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!
 
1. KALEIDOSCOPIC (adjective) सर्वदा बदलनेवाला
Pronunciation: kuh·lai·duh·sko·puhk
Meaning: having complex patterns of colors
Synonyms: multicolored, psychedelic, variegated, motley, complex, intricate, complicated
Antonyms: monochrome, fixed, constant
Usage: The kaleidoscopic quality of the book is brilliantly realized on stage.
 
2. RECLUSE (noun) – वैरागी
Pronunciation: ruh·kloos
Meaning: a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people
Synonyms: hermit, ascetic, monk, nun, introvert, eremite
Antonym: extrovert
Usage: He was a natural recluse who found all human relationships difficult.
 
3. SLAPDASH (adjective) उतावला
Pronunciation: slap·dash
Meaning: done too hurriedly and carelessly
Synonyms: careless, slipshod, hurried, lackadaisical, hasty, disorganized, haphazard
Antonyms: careful, meticulous, painstaking
Usage: The student’s slapdash presentation looked like it had been put together on the school bus.
 
4. HYPOCRISY (noun) पाखंड
Pronunciation: huh·po·kruh·see
Meaning: the practice of claiming to have higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case
Synonyms: sanctimony, pietism, falsity, humbug, pretence, posturing, insincerity
Antonyms: honesty, sincerity
Usage: When you agree to serve a cause and then back out, I would call that hypocrisy.
 
5. TUMULT (noun) कोलाहल
Pronunciation: choo·muhlt
Meaning: a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people
Synonyms: din, racket, uproar, commotion, ruckus, rumpus, hubbub
Antonyms: silence, quiet, stillness
Usage: The tumult in the streets awakened everyone in the house.
 
6. ASPERITY (noun) तीक्ष्णता
Pronunciation: a·speh·ruh·tee
Meaning: harshness of tone or manner
Synonyms: harshness, sharpness, roughness, severity, acerbity, astringency, bitterness
Antonyms: mildness, gentleness, tenderness
Usage: Because the teacher was mad, she addressed the students with asperity as she gave them detention slips.
 
7. TRUCE (noun) युद्धविराम
Pronunciation: troos
Meaning: a time period in which opposing sides agree to stop fighting
Synonyms: ceasefire, armistice, peace, break, respite, lull, moratorium
Antonyms: fighting, hostilities
Usage: When the truce ends at noon tomorrow, it will only be a matter of time before gunfire is heard again.
 
8. ENTHRALL (verb)  मंत्रमुग्ध करना
Pronunciation: uhn·thrawl
Meaning: capture the fascinated attention of
Synonyms: captivate, charm, enchant, bewitch, fascinate, beguile, entrance
Antonyms: bore, repel, dull
Usage: This book will enthrall readers of all ages. 
 
9. INSCRUTABLE (adjective)  गूढ़
Pronunciation: uhn·skroo·tuh·bl
Meaning: impossible to understand or interpret
Synonyms: enigmatic, mysterious, unreadable, impenetrable, cryptic, unexpressive
Antonyms: expressive, transparent
Usage: The riddle remains inscrutable to us.
 
10. EXTIRPATE (noun) उखाड़ना, विनाश करना
Pronunciation: ek·stuh·peit
Meaning: eradicate or destroy completely
Synonyms: destroy, eradicate, eliminate, suppress, crush, abolish
Antonyms: found, support
Usage: The new police chief promises to extirpate corruption from the county.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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