Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 25 November 2022


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!
1. ORDAIN (verb) : हुक्म देना
Pronunciation: aw·dayn
Meaning: order or decree (something) officially.
Synonyms: decree, command, order
Antonyms: ignore, refuse, veto
Sentence: Equal punishment was ordained for the two crimes.
2. ENTRANT (noun) : शामिल होनेवाला
Pronunciation: en·truhnt
Meaning: a person or group that enters, joins, or takes part in something.
Synonyms: beginner, newcomer, fresher
Antonyms: dropout, noncandidate
Sentence: The prize will be awarded to the entrant who wins the tiebreak.
3. HABITUDE (noun) : लगन
Pronunciation: ha·buh·chood
Meaning: a habitual tendency or way of behaving.
Synonyms: affection, affinity, aptitude
Antonyms: apathy, disfavor
Sentence: They have a lifelong habitude of talking too much.
4. PHILIPPIC (noun) : निंदापूर्ण वाक्य
Pronunciation: phi·​lip·​pic
Meaning: a bitter attack or denunciation, especially a verbal one.
Synonyms: tirade, diatribe, invective
Antonyms: approval, blessing, commendation
Sentence: The lecture was a tremendous philippic against our culture.
5. ESOTERIC (adj.) : गुप्त
Pronunciation: ee·suh·teh·ruhk
Meaning: intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with specialized knowledge or interest.
Synonyms: abstruse, obscure, arcane
Antonyms: common, facile, lucid
Sentence: Some words are really too esoteric for this dictionary.
6. ALIBIS (noun) : बहाना
Pronunciation: luh·bize
Meaning: an explanation that frees one from fault or blame
Synonyms: apologies, reasons, excuses
Antonyms: denial, question, request
Sentence: Those students always have a very creative alibi for undone homework.
7. AVID (adj.) : उत्सुक
Pronunciation: ay·vuhd
Meaning: having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something.
Synonyms: keen, eager, enthusiastic
Antonyms: apathetic, indifferent, insouciant
Sentence: She’s an avid reader of historical novels.
8. REPERTOIRE (noun) : सूची
Pronunciation: reh·puh·tvaa
Meaning: a stock of plays, dances, or pieces that a company or a performer knows or is prepared to perform.
Synonyms: collection, stock, store
Antonyms: fauna, flora, defense.
Sentence: That tune is not in my repertoire.
9. YEARN (verb) : इच्छा करना
Pronunciation: yuhn
Meaning: have an intense feeling of longing for something, typically something that one has lost or been separated from. 
Synonyms: crave, desire, want
Antonyms: abjure, dislike, hate
Sentence: She yearned for a glimpse of him.
10. VANITY (noun) : घमंड
Pronunciation: van·uh·tee
Meaning: excessive pride in or admiration of one’s own appearance or achievements.
Synonyms: conceit, conceitedness, self-admiration
Antonyms: diffidence, self-doubt, self-disgust
Sentence: His vanity was his downfall.
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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