Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 24 July 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. What’s more, take the test given at the last to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!
 
1. IGNOBLE (adjective) अप्रतिष्ठित
Pronunciation: uhg·now·bl
Meaning: not honorable in character or purpose
Synonyms: dishonorable, unworthy, base, shameful, contemptible, despicable, shabby
Antonym: noble
Usage: The ignoble accountant was convicted of stealing money from his firm.
 
2. SALUTARY (adjective)  लाभदायक
Pronunciation: sa·lyoo·tuh·ree
Meaning: producing good effects; beneficial
Synonyms: beneficial, good, advantageous, profitable, productive, helpful, useful
Antonyms: unwelcome, irrelevant
Usage: The lab experiment provided salutary results that will help researchers learn the key to battling the disease.
 
 3. RUMPLE (verb) – अस्त-व्यस्त
Pronunciation: ruhm·pl
Meaning: give a creased, ruffled, or disheveled appearance to
Synonyms: crumple, crease, wrinkle, tumble, crush, crinkle
Antonyms: smooth, even
Usage: You will rumple your jacket if you don't hang it up properly.
 
4. DUPLICITY (noun) – कपट
Pronunciation: dyoo·pli·suh·tee
Meaning: deceitfulness
Synonyms: deceit, deception, dishonesty, falsity, fraud, swindling, cheating
Antonyms: honesty, uprightness
Usage: Because Amanda is such a good liar, it is always hard to recognize her duplicity.
 
5. DORMANT (adjective) निष्क्रिय
Pronunciation: daw·muhnt
Meaning: temporarily inactive
Synonyms: asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose
Antonyms: awake, active
Usage: Since the volcano is dormant right now, you do not have to be concerned about it erupting.
 
6. HEINOUS (adjective) जघन्य
Pronunciation: hei·nuhs
Meaning: utterly odious or wicked
Synonyms: odious, wicked, evil, atrocious, monstrous, disgraceful, abominable
Antonyms: admirable, commendable
Usage: The criminal received the death penalty for his heinous crime.
 
7. AGGRAVATE (verb) चिढ़ाना
Pronunciation: a·gruh·veit
Meaning: annoy or exasperate
Synonyms: annoy, irritate, exasperate, anger, irk, vex, nettle
Antonyms: calm, conciliate
Usage: His reactions to unpleasant situations tended to aggravate everyone’s nerves.
 
8. RECALCITRANT (adjective)  अड़ियल
Pronunciation: ruh·kal·suh·truhnt
Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline
Synonyms: intractable, unmanageable, ungovernable, refractory, defiant,rebellious
Antonyms: amenable, docile, compliant
Usage: Training the recalcitrant puppy was quite a challenge.
 
9. TURPITUDE (noun)  अधमता
Pronunciation: tuh·puh·chood
Meaning: depraved or wicked behavior or character
Synonyms: wickedness, immorality, depravity, corruption, vice, degeneracy, evil
Antonyms: virtue, honor
Usage: The anti-government groups are constantly accusing the president of lying to hide his turpitude.
 
10. CURSORY (adjective) सतही
Pronunciation: kuh·suh·ree
Meaning: hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
Synonyms: perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token, uninterested, inattentive
Antonyms: thorough, painstaking
Usage: After doing a cursory head count, Claire realized that two of the campers were not in their tents.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration. 
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