Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 23 July 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. What’s more, take the test given at the last to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.  
Happy learning!!!
 
1. IMPERTURABLE (adjective) – अविचलित
Pronunciation: im•puh•tuh•buh•bl
Meaning: unable to be upset or excited
Synonyms: composed, collected, calm, cool, poised, tranquil, serene
Antonyms: edgy, excitable
Usage: She was one of those imperturbable people who never get angry or upset.
 
2. DEFAMATORY (adjective) – अपवादक
Pronunciation: duh•fa•muh•tuh•ree
Meaning: damaging the good reputation of someone
Synonyms: libellous, slanderous, defaming, calumnious, vilifying, traducing, scandalous
Antonym: complimentary
Usage: The politician’s defamatory comments were untrue but still ruined his opponent’s standing in the community.
 
3. MALEDICTION (noun) – अभिशाप
Pronunciation: ma•luh•dik•shn
Meaning: a curse
Synonyms: curse, oath, imprecation, anathema, voodoo, spell
Antonyms: blessing, benediction
Usage: In the fairytale, the angry witch invoked a malediction that turned the vain prince into a beast.
 
4. LUMINARY (noun) – प्रभावशाली व्यक्ति
Pronunciation: loo•muh•nuh•ree
Meaning: a person who inspires or influences others, especially one prominent in a particular sphere
Synonyms: inspiration, leader, expert, master, panjandrum, dignitary, celebrity
Antonyms: nobody, pleb
Usage: As a luminary, Matt tries to inspire other people to assist the homeless in getting back on their feet.
 
5. RESOLUTE (adjective) – दृढ़
Pronunciation: reh•zuh•loot
Meaning: admirably purposeful, determined, and unwavering
Synonyms: determined, purposeful, purposive, resolved, decided, adamant, firm
Antonyms: irresolute, half-hearted
Usage: He was resolute in carrying out his plan.
 
6. RATIONAL (adjective) – तर्कसंगत
Pronunciation: ra•shuh•nuhl
Meaning: based on or in accordance with reason or logic
Synonyms: logical, reasoned, sensible, reasonable, cogent, coherent, intelligent
Antonyms: irrational, illogical
Usage: Humans are essentially rational beings.
 
7. UNDOING (noun) – बरबादी
Pronunciation: uhn•doo•uhng
Meaning: a person's ruin or downfall
Synonyms: downfall, defeat, conquest, vanquishing, toppling, deposition, ousting
Antonyms: betterment, preferment
Usage: A tip by an anonymous caller led to the murderer’s undoing and his eventual arrest. 
 
8. VIRTUOUS (adjective) – धर्मात्मा
Pronunciation: vuh•choo•uhs
Meaning: having or showing high moral standards
Synonyms: righteous, good, moral, ethical, upright, upstanding, principled
Antonyms: bad, sinful
Usage: Margaret was a virtuous woman who dedicated her life to helping others.
 
9. COUNTERMAND (verb) – प्रत्यादिष्ट करना
Pronunciation: kawn•tuh•maand
Meaning: revoke or cancel an order
Synonyms: revoke, rescind, reverse, undo, repeal, retract, withdraw
Antonyms: uphold, sustain
Usage: The government’s decision to countermand prohibition made alcohol drinkers very happy.
 
10. UNBECOMING (adjective) – अनुपयुक्त
Pronunciation: uhn•buh•kuh•muhng
Meaning: not fitting or appropriate
Synonyms: inappropriate, unfitting, unbefitting, unsuitable, unsuited, inapt
Antonyms: becoming, proper, appropriate
Usage: It is unbecoming to go on hating an enemy like this once a conflict is over.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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