Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 23 January 2021


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!    

1.ACUMEN (noun) – कुशाग्र बुद्धि
Pronunciation: a•kyoo•muhn
Meaning: the ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions
Synonyms: shrewdness, acuity, brilliance, sharpness, intelligence
Antonyms: witlessness, idiocy, silliness
Usage: His business acumen has made him very successful.
2.STAUNCH (adjective) – निष्ठावान
Pronunciation: stawnch 
Meaning: very loyal and committed in attitude
Synonyms: stalwart, loyal, faithful, trusty, committed
Antonyms: disloyal, unfaithful, unreliable
Usage: As a caring physician, Jim is a staunch believer in patient rights.

3.JAUNTY (adjective) – जीवंत, ख़ुशदिल
Pronunciation: jawn•tee
Meaning: having or expressing a lively, cheerful, and self-confident manner
Synonyms: cheerful, cheery, happy, merry, jolly, joyful
Antonyms: depressed, serious, sedate
Usage: The jaunty music made everyone feel cheerful.
4.PROFUSION (noun) – प्रचुरता
Pronunciation: pruh•fyoo•zhn
Meaning: an abundance or large quantity of something
Synonyms: abundance, lot, mass, plenitude, cornucopia, riot, plethora, superfluity
Antonyms: insufficiency, lack, scarcity
Usage: There is a profusion of flowers in the garden in summer.
5.EPISODIC (adjective) – प्रासंगिक
Pronunciation: eh•puh•so•duhk
Meaning: occurring occasionally and at irregular intervals
Synonyms: intermittent, irregular, sporadic, periodic, fitful
Antonyms: continuous, permanent, regular
Usage: The film is an episodic account of the effect of the war on a small community.
6.PROACTIVE (adjective) – सक्रिय
Pronunciation: prow•ak•tuhv
Meaning: creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened
Synonyms: enterprising, energetic, motivated, ardent, enthusiastic
Antonyms: passive, sluggish, idle
Usage: It is far better to be proactive in doing something and make mistakes than do nothing and be safe.
7.DIDACTIC (adjective) – शिक्षाप्रद
Pronunciation: duh•dak•tuhk
Meaning: intended to teach
Synonyms: instructive, educational, informative, enlightening, informational
Antonym: misleading
Usage: His novel has a didactic tone. 
8.TRANSFIX (verb) – स्तम्भित करना
Pronunciation: tran•sfiks
Meaning: to render motionless by arousing horror, wonder or awe
Synonyms: captivate, enchant, mesmerize, fascinate, hypnotize, engross
Antonyms: disenchant, bore, repel
Usage: The spellbinding actor was able to transfix the crowd with his captivating acting.
9.REGIME (noun) – व्यवस्था, प्रशासन
Pronunciation: rei-zheem
Meaning: a system or ordered way of doing things
Synonyms: establishment, management, administration, reign, rule, system 
Antonyms: chaos, disorder, unruliness
Usage: The regime has been criticized for failing to uphold human rights.
10.SOLIDARITY (noun) – एकजुटता
Pronunciation: soli-dariti 
Meaning: mutual support within a group
Synonyms: unanimity, unity, agreement, accord, harmony, consensus, concord
Antonyms: disagreement, division, disunion
Usage: While the prisoners were of different races, they all joined in solidarity to protest their dirty living conditions.

Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.   
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