Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 21 June 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!  

1.SPRAWL (verb) – पसर जाना 
Pronunciation: sprawl
Meaning: sit or lie with one's limbs spread out
Synonyms: drape, ramble, recline, spread, slouch, straggle, extend
Antonyms: straighten, compress, stand
Usage: He would take two aspirin and sprawl out on his bed.
 
2.BREATHTAKING (adj) - विस्मयकारी
Pronunciation: breth•tei•kuhng
Meaning: astonishing or awe-inspiring
Synonyms: spectacular, magnificent, wonderful, awesome, astonishing, amazing, stunning
Antonyms: unimpressive, boring, disgusting
Usage: The view from the top of the Eiffel Tower is breathtaking
 

3.BUBBLY (adj) – उत्साहित
Pronunciation: buh•blee
Meaning: full of or showing high spirits
Synonyms: vivacious, energetic, lively, ebullient, peppy, animated, spirited
Antonyms: dull, listless, tired
Usage: She had a bright and bubbly personality.
 
4.OUTLAWED (adj) – प्रतिबंधित
Pronunciation: awt•lawd
Meaning: banned or made illegal 
Synonyms: banned, prohibited, forbidden, proscribed, taboo
Antonyms: allowed, authorized, permitted
Usage: Gambling was outlawed in 1975.
 
5.BACKER (noun) – प्रायोजक            
Pronunciation: ba•kuh
Meaning: a supporter or follower
Synonyms: sponsor, investor, supporter, promoter, follower
Antonyms: antagonist, enemy
Usage: With no backer to offer financial support, the restaurant was forced to shut down last Friday.

6.FETTER (verb) – जंजीर में बांधना
Pronunciation: feh•tuh
Meaning: restrain with shackles
Synonyms: bind, chain, clog, confine, restrict, repress, hinder
Antonyms: free, liberate, release
Usage: There were no chains immediately available to fetter the prisoners.

7.TERSE (adj) – संक्षिप्त
Pronunciation: tuhs
Meaning: sparing in the use of words
Synonyms: curt, brusque, abrupt, clipped, blunt, gruff, short
Antonyms: verbose, rambling
Usage: Although Phillip is known for making long speeches, this speech was incredibly terse.
 
8.JUMBLE (noun) – अस्तव्यस्तता
Pronunciation: juhm•bl
Meaning: a typically messy pile of things
Synonyms: hodgepodge, tangle, clutter, muddle, mess, confusion, disarray       
Antonyms: arrangement, order, organization
Usage: He rummaged through the jumble of papers on his desk.
 
9.PARADOX (noun) – विरोधाभास 
Pronunciation: pa•ruh•doks
Meaning: a statement that contradicts itself
Synonyms: contradiction, incongruity, anomaly, conflict, absurdity, oddity, enigma
Antonyms: normality, regularity
Usage: It's a paradox that in such a rich country there can be so much poverty.
 
10.SWIFTNESS (noun) – तेज़ी, स्फुर्ति
Pronunciation: swift•nuhs
Meaning: the quality of moving at high speed
Synonyms: quickness, rapidity, celerity, fastness, briskness
Antonym: slowness
Usage: A Cheetah has great swiftness for hunting its prey.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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