Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 20 June 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!
 
1.ERSTWHILE (adjective, adverb) भूतपूर्व
Pronunciation: uhst·wail
Meaning: belonging to some prior time
Synonyms: former, old, past, previous, prior, late, then, ex-, foregoing, quondam, whilom
Antonyms: present, future
Usage: He was the erstwhile president of the company.
 
2.SEDENTARY (adjective) – गतिहीन
Pronunciation: seh·duhn·tree
Meaning: tending to spend much time seated
Synonyms: sitting, seated, desk-bound, desk, inactive, still, stationary
Antonyms: active, mobile
Usage: John’s computer programming job kept him sedentary for most of the day.
 
3.DISCREPANCY (noun) – अंतर, भिन्नता
Pronunciation: duh·skreh·puhn·see
Meaning: an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts
Synonyms: inconsistency, difference, disparity, variance, variation, deviation, divergence, disagreement, dissimilarity, dissimilitude, mismatch, lack of similarity, contrariety
Antonyms: similarity, correspondence
Usage: There is some discrepancy between the two accounts.
 
4.SLUMP (noun) मंदी
Pronunciation: sluhmp
Meaning: a sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something
Synonyms: flop, flump, collapse, sink, fall, subside, sag
Antonyms: stand up, rise, soar
Usage: The toy industry is in a slump.
  
5.TOIL (noun) – कड़ी मेहनत
Pronunciation: toyl
Meaning: exhausting physical labor
Synonyms: hard work, toiling, labor, slaving, struggle, effort, exertion
Antonyms: rest, relax, laze
Usage: A life of toil is generally the price of fame and success.  
 
6.INTRIGUING (adjective) दिलचस्प    
Pronunciation: uhn·tree·guhng
Meaning: arousing one's curiosity or interest
Synonyms: interesting, alluring, appealing, captivating, compelling, fascinating, exciting
Antonyms: incurious, unconcerned
Usage: What's the most intriguing thing about Jim?
 
7.MELLIFLUOUS (adjective) सुमधुर
Pronunciation: muh·li·floo·uhs
Meaning: pleasingly smooth and musical to hear
Synonyms: dulcet, honeyed, mellow, soft, liquid, soothing, smooth
Antonyms: cacophonous, harsh
Usage: The singer with the mellifluous voice will win the talent contest.
 
8.BENIGN (adjective) – सौम्म
Pronunciation: buh·nain
Meaning: gentle and kind
Synonyms: kindly, gentle, kind, friendly, warm, affectionate, agreeable, amiable
Antonyms: unfriendly, hostile, harsh
Usage: The medicine is benign in its effects and will cause you no harm.
 
9.TENUOUS (adjective) – थोड़ा, हलका
Pronunciation: teh·nyoo·uhs
Meaning: very weak or slight
Synonyms: slight, insubstantial, flimsy, negligible, weak, fragile, shaky
Antonyms: convincing, substantial
Usage: He has a rather tenuous grasp of reality.
 
10.JITTERY (adjective) बेचैन
Pronunciation: ji·tuh·ree
Meaning: nervous or unable to relax
Synonyms: nervous, anxious, worried, apprehensive, edgy, tense, stressed
Antonyms: relaxed, cool
Usage: I felt jittery before going on stage.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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