Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 20 July 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. What’s more, take the test given at the last to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!
 
1.INOCULATE (verb) रोगक्षम करना
Pronunciation: uh·no·kyoo·leit
Meaning: treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease
Synonyms: immunize, vaccinate, inject, protect from, shield from
Antonyms: deprive, weaken
Usage: His dogs were inoculated against rabies.
 
2. MORDANT (adjective) चुभनेवाला
Pronunciation: maw·dnt
Meaning: having or showing a sharp or critical quality
Synonyms: caustic, trenchant, biting, cutting, acerbic, sardonic, sarcastic
Antonyms: vague, uncritical
Usage: Actors feared the critic's mordant pen.
 
3. CRESTFALLEN (adjective) निराश, उदास
Pronunciation: krest·faw·luhn
Meaning: sad and disappointed
Synonyms: downhearted, downcast, disheartened, discouraged, sad, glum, dismal
Antonyms: cheerful, elated
Usage: The young politician was crestfallen after not winning the election.
 
4. FUSTY (adjective) – दुर्गंन्धयुक्त
Pronunciation: fuh·stee
Meaning: smelling stale, damp, or stuffy
Synonyms: stuffy, musty, stale, stagnant, airless, unventilated, close
Antonyms: airy, ventilated
Usage: This blanket smells a bit fusty.
 
5. OAF (noun) गंवार
Pronunciation: owf
Meaning: a man who is rough or clumsy and unintelligent
Synonyms: lout, boor, fool, barbarian, churl, clown, gawk
Antonyms: genius, brain
Usage: He is just a big, clumsy oaf.
 
6. DROLL (adjective) हास्यजनक
Pronunciation: drowl
Meaning: curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement
Synonyms: funny, humorous, amusing, comical, mirthful, hilarious
Antonyms: serious, humorless
Usage: This children’s story is charming, and the droll illustrations are delightful.
 
7. BRASH (adjective) अभिमानी
Pronunciation: brash
Meaning: self-assertive in a rude, noisy, or overbearing way
Synonyms: self-assertive, assertive, cocksure, arrogant, thrusting, bold, audacious
Antonyms: meek, diffident
Usage: The brash reporter offended the celebrity with his insistent manner and lost out on an amazing interview.
 
8. ARCHAIC (adjective) पुरातन
Pronunciation: aa·kei·uhk
Meaning: very old or old-fashioned
Synonyms: obsolete, obsolescent, anachronistic, old-fashioned, outmoded, bygone, antique
Antonyms: new, modern
Usage: The system is archaic and unfair and needs changing.
                                         
9. PENITENT (adjective) पश्चातापी
Pronunciation: peh·nuh·tnt
Meaning: feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong
Synonyms: repentant, contrite, regretful, remorseful, sorry, apologetic, rueful
Antonyms: impenitent, unrepentant
Usage: The penitent thief returned the stolen item to the store.
 
10. PERCEPTIBLE (adjective) प्रत्यक्ष
Pronunciation: puh·sep·tuh·bl
Meaning: able to be seen or noticed
Synonyms: noticeable, detectable, discernible, appreciable, visible, evident, observable
Antonyms: imperceptible, inconspicuous
Usage: Even from a distance, the tension between the two gang leaders was perceptible.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.

Click here to download Vocab Dose PDF of 20 July 2021

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