Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 19 May 2022

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!!
 
1. DRUDGERY (noun) : कठिन परिश्रम
Pronunciation: druhj·uh·ree
Meaning: hard menial or dull work.
Synonyms: hard work, menial work, labor
Antonyms: fun, play, relaxation
Sentence: He spent his life in pointlessly tiresome drudgery.
 
2. ANATHEMA (noun) : अभिशाप
Pronunciation: uh·na·thuh·muh
Meaning: Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes.
Synonyms: abhorrent, hateful, odious
Antonyms: joy, pleasure
Sentence: His political views were anathema to me.
 
3. STAUNCHLY (adv.) : दृढता से
Pronunciation: stawnch·lee
Meaning: in a very loyal and committed manner.
Synonyms: dedicated, devoted, devout
Antonyms: disloyal, faithless, perfidious
Sentence: She staunchly defended the new policy.
 
4. LOCUTION (noun) : मुहावरा
Pronunciation: luh·kyoo·shn
Meaning: a word or phrase, especially with regard to style or idiom.
Synonyms: denotation, expression, idiom
Antonyms: euphemism, misconstruction, monosemy
Sentence: His locution puzzled me, disturbed me, but I was a guest at his table so I said nothing.
 
5. EMBEZZLEMENT (noun) : ग़बन
Pronunciation: uhm·beh·zuhl·muhnt
Meaning: theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.
Synonyms: theft, stealing, robbing
Antonyms: give, receive, compensate.
Sentence: They were arrested for embezzlement of company funds.
 
6. RABBLE-ROUSER (noun) : हंगामा करने वाला
Pronunciation: rab·​ble-rous·​er
Meaning: a person who speaks with the intention of inflaming the emotions of a crowd of people, typically for political reasons.
Synonyms: agitator, troublemaker, instigator
Antonyms: peacemaker, reconciler, uniter
Sentence: Rabble-rousers inciting hungry people on breadlines to demand social justice.
 
7. FEISTY (adj.) : आक्रमणशील
Pronunciation: fai·stee
Meaning: feeling or displaying an eagerness to fight
Synonyms: aggressive, agonistic, bellicose
Antonyms: nonaggressive, nonbelligerent, pacific
Sentence: He launched a feisty attack on the government.
 
8. FORFEITURE (noun) : ज़ब्ती
Pronunciation: faw·fuh·chuh
Meaning: the loss or giving up of something as a penalty for wrongdoing.
Synonyms: confiscation, sequestration, loss
Antonyms: award, reward, gain
Sentence: Refusal to sign meant forfeiture of property and exile.
 
9. SCUFFLE (noun) : हाथापाई
Pronunciation: skuh·fl
Meaning: a short, confused fight or struggle at close quarters.
Synonyms: fight, struggle, tussle
Antonyms: truce, peace, harmony
Sentence: He was involved in a scuffle with a photographer.
 
10. PICKETS (noun) : पहरेदार
Pronunciation: pi·kuhts
Meaning: a person or group that watches over someone or something
Synonyms: guards, keepers, lookouts
Antonyms: oppose, resist, withstand.
Sentence: The pickets persuaded some drivers not to enter the factory.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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