Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 15 April 2021


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!        
1.KALEIDOSCOPIC (adjective) सर्वदा बदलनेवाला
Pronunciation: kuh·lai·duh·sko·puhk
Meaning: having complex patterns of colors
Synonyms: multicolored, psychedelic, variegated, motley, complex, intricate, complicated
Antonyms: monochrome, fixed, constant
Usage: The kaleidoscopic quality of the book is brilliantly realized on stage.    
2.JOCULAR (adjective) – परिहासशील
Pronunciation: jo·kyuh·luh
Meaning: humorous or playful
Synonyms: humorous, funny, witty, comic, comical, amusing, chucklesome
Antonyms: solemn, serious, earnest
Usage: The jocular man is known for his funny punch lines.
3.STIPULATE (verb) शर्त रखना
Pronunciation: sti·pyu·leit
Meaning: decide on conditions
Synonyms: specify, demand, require, bargain, condition, contract
Antonyms: decline, disagree, refuse
Usage: He stipulated certain conditions before their marriage.       
4.EXULTATION (noun) – उमंग
Pronunciation: ek·suhl·tei·shn
Meaning: a feeling of great happiness or triumph
Synonyms: jubilation, rejoicing, happiness, pleasure, joy, gladness
Antonyms: gloom, sadness
Usage: I felt a tremendous sense of relief and exultation.
5.ESCHEW (VERB) परहेज़ करना
Pronunciation: uhs·choo
Meaning: deliberately avoid using
Synonyms: give up, forgo, forswear, shun, renounce, swear off, abjure
Antonyms: consume, indulge
Usage: A civilized leader must eschew violence. 
6.TENUOUS (adjective) थोड़ा, हलका
Pronunciation: teh·nyoo·uhs
Meaning: very weak or slight
Synonyms: slight, insubstantial, flimsy, negligible, weak, fragile, shaky
Antonyms: convincing, substantial, heavy
Usage: He has a rather tenuous grasp of reality.       
7.IMITATIVE (adjective) – कृत्रिम
Pronunciation: i·muh·tei·tuhv
Meaning: copying or following a model or example
Synonyms: mimicking, simulated, counterfeit, uninventive, unimaginative, uninspired, plagiarized
Antonyms: original, different, genuine
Usage: I found the film pretentious and imitative.
8.GLORIOUS (adjective)यशस्वी, तेजस्वी
Pronunciation: glaw·ree·uhs
Meaning: having, worthy of fame or admiration
Synonyms: illustrious, celebrated, famous, famed, renowned, magnificent
Antonyms: infamous, ordinary
Usage: The film looks back at India’s glorious past.
9.APLOMB (noun) – आत्मविश्वास
Pronunciation: uh·plom
Meaning: self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situation
Synonyms: poise, self-assurance, assurance, confidence, self-possession
Antonyms: fear, gaucheness
Usage: Henry passed the test with aplomb.
10.ESOTERIC (adjective) गहन, गूढ़
Pronunciation: ee·suh·teh·ruhk
Meaning: known or understood by very few people
Synonyms: abstruse, obscure, arcane, mystical, cryptic, mysterious
Antonyms: simple, familiar, obvious
Usage: Some words are really too esoteric for this dictionary.   
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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