Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 14 May 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt.This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!
 
1.Ravaged (adj) - तबाह
Pronunciation: ra·vuhjd
Meaning: severely damaged; devastated
Synonyms: destroy, devasted, ruin, scourge, demolish, plunder
Antonyms: recover, redeem, rehabilitate, protection, salavage
Usage: For two decades the country has been ravaged by civil war and foreign intervention.
 
2.Nosedive (noun) - ग़ोता मारना 
Pronunciation: nowz·daiv
Meaning: the act or process of going to a lower level or altitude
Synonyms: descent, dip , plunge, downgrade, plummeting, sinking
Antonyms: ascent, climb, rise, rising, soaring, upswing, upturn
Usage: Stock prices began to nosedive and in no time, the market had crashed.
 
3.Exacerbate (verb) - ख़राब करना
Pronunciation: uhg·za·sr·beit
Meaning: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Synonyms: aggravate, complicate, worsen, amplify, intensify
Antonyms: allay, alleviate, assuage, ease, help, mitigate, relieve
Usage: My headache started to exacerbate when my daughter played her loud music.
 
4.Fallout (noun) - विवाद
Pronunciation: faa·lawt
Meaning: the adverse results of a situation or action.
Synonyms: repercussion, aftermath, outgrowth, precipitate, resultant
Antonyms: antecedent, causation, impetus, incentive, inspiration
Usage: The fallout was less important than ensuring the safety of everyone outside of the town.
 
5.Discerning (adj) - विवेकी
Pronunciation: duh·sur·nuhng
Meaning: having or showing good judgement.
Synonyms: perceptive, prudent, keen, nimble,judicious, enlightened,sophisticated
Antonyms: brainless, dumb, feebleminded, foolish, idiotic
Usage: More discerning diners can sample such traditional Biltmore fare as gulf shrimp and crab claws on ice.
 
6.Contrived (adj) - काल्पनिक
Pronunciation: kuhn·traivd
Meaning: deliberately created rather than arising naturally or spontaneously.
Synonyms: assumed, bogus, factitious, unauthentic, unreal, unrealistic
Antonyms: ingenuous, sincere, unpretending, impulsive, instinctive, unconscious,
Usage: When the detective looked around the house, he saw a contrived scene that made him believe the kidnapping was staged.
 
7.Emancipate (verb) - स्वतंत्र करना
Pronunciation: uh·man·suh·peit
Meaning: set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.
Synonyms: discharge, disenthrall, enfranchise, enlarge, parole, ransom, redeem
Antonyms: handcuff, manacle, shackle, trammel, subdue, subjugate
Usage: Computer technology has done a great deal to emancipate office workers from tedious jobs.
 
8.Grouse (verb) - गुनगुनानेवाला
Pronunciation: grawz
Meaning: complain about something trivial; grumble.
Synonyms: bemoan, bewail, deplore, lament, grumble, grump, murmur, mutter
Antonyms: commendation, compliment, acclaim, applause, praise
Usage: The party had been to the grouse moors that morning.
 
9.Turpitude (noun) - नीचता, भ्रष्टता
Pronunciation: tur·puh·tood
Meaning: depraved or wicked behaviour or character.
Synonyms: abjection, corruption, demoralization, depravity, dissipatedness
Antonyms: goodness, morality, righteousness, virtue
Usage: He was considered unfit to hold office because of moral turpitude.
 
10.Prevalence (noun) - प्रसार
Pronunciation: preh·vuh·luhns
Meaning: the fact or condition of being prevalent; commonness.
Synonyms: commonness, frequence, frequency, frequentness, continuousness, regularity
Antonyms: infrequence, infrequency, rareness, uncommonness, unusualness
Usage: In inner cities the prevalence of depression among mothers of young children is even greater.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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