Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 03 April 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!        
   
1.REVITALIZE (verb) पुनर्जीवित
Pronunciation: ree·vai·tlaiz
Meaning: to put new life or energy back in something
Synonyms: reinvigorate, brace, fortify, strengthen, bolster, renew, regenerate
Antonyms: destroy, break
Usage: In an effort to revitalize the dying plant, we put it in a well lit spot and provided it with plenty of water.
 
2.BAFFLE (verb)उलझाना, व्याकुल करना
Pronunciation: ba·fl
Meaning: to bewilder or confuse
Synonyms: perplex, amaze, astound, bewilder, confuse, daze, dumbfound
Antonyms: clarify, enlighten, explain
Usage: She was completely baffled by his strange behavior.
 
3.ADMONITION (noun) चेतावनी
Pronunciation: ad·muh·ni·shn
Meaning: a firm warning or reprimand
Synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, reproof, remonstrance, reproach, criticism, tirade
Antonyms: commendation, praise, appreciation
Usage: The teacher’s harsh admonition applied to all of the students who refused to do their work and were at risk of failing.
 
4.COGITATE (verb) गौर करना
Pronunciation: ko·juh·teit
Meaning: to consider
Synonyms: consider, cerebrate, conceive, ruminate, speculate, ponder, muse
Antonyms: discard, dismiss, forget
Usage: If you are unhappy in your job, you should cogitate about whether you want to change your career path.   
 
5.STUDIOUS (adjective) अध्ययनशील
Pronunciation: styoo·dee·uhs
Meaning: focused on learning and studying
Synonyms: scholarly, attentive, bookish, contemplative, diligent, earnest, industrious
Antonyms: inattentive, thoughtless
Usage: Because Jack is a studious young man, he usually spends his free time in the library.
 
6.CHURLISH (adjective) अक्खड़
Pronunciation: chuh·luhsh
Meaning: rude and boorish
Synonyms: crude, boorish, impolite, rude, grumpy, ornery, sullen
Antonyms: sophisticated, polite, nice
Usage: It would be churlish to refuse such a generous offer.
 
7.EQUIPOISE (noun) संतुलन
Pronunciation: eh·kwuh·poyz
Meaning: a state of balance
Synonyms: equilibrium, balance, stability, symmetry, parity, equality, equity
Antonyms: imbalance, unevenness, asymmetry
Usage: The lecturer always tried to keep equipoise between engaging and challenging assignments.
 
8.INDOLENCE (noun) – आलस्य
Pronunciation: in·duh·luhns
Meaning: avoidance of activity or exertion
Synonyms: sloth, disinclination, idleness, laziness, procrastination
Antonyms: diligence, industry, energy
Usage: Sleeping on the couch all day long, the couch potato’s indolence kept her from living life.
 
9.SPUNKY (adjective) साहसी
Pronunciation: spuhng·kee
Meaning: courageous and determined
Synonyms: chirpy, courageous, energetic, fearless, brave, spirited, enthusiastic
Antonyms: fearful, afraid
Usage: Spunky and full of spirit, the little girl is known for always doing things that others are afraid to do.
 
10.FORESEE (verb) पूर्वानुमान लगाना
Pronunciation: faw·see
Meaning: be aware of beforehand
Synonyms: anticipate, predict, discern, envisage, expect, forecast, perceive
Antonyms: misinterpret, misunderstand
Usage: It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.  
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This way you can retain the learnt words for long time.
 
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