Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 02 October 2022


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!!
1. ANOMALOUS (adj.) : नियमविरूद्ध
Pronunciation: uh·naw·muh·luhs
Meaning: deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected.
Synonyms: abnormal, atypical, nontypical
Antonyms: natural, normal, regular
Sentence: For years this anomalous behavior has baffled scientists.
2. RASPING (adj.) : कठोर
Pronunciation: raasp·uhng
Meaning: harsh-sounding and unpleasant; grating.
Synonyms: harsh, grating, jarring
Antonyms: melodious, soft, smooth
Sentence: I heard John’s voice rasping in the other room.
3. PROFLIGATE (adj.) : अपव्ययी
Pronunciation: praw·fluh·guht
Meaning: recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources.
Synonyms: wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift
Antonyms: conserving, economical
Sentence: She is well-known for her profligate spending habits.
4. DAZE (verb) : मति-मंद करना
Pronunciation: dayz
Meaning: make (someone) unable to think or react properly; stupefy; bewilder.
Synonyms: stun, stupefy, dumbfound
Antonyms: bore, calm, clarify.
Sentence: The fall daze him for a moment, causing him to become disoriented.
5. DISENTHRALLED (verb) : बंधन से मुक्त करना
Pronunciation: dis·uhn·thrawld
Meaning: to set free (as from slavery or confinement)
Synonyms: discharged, liberated, freed
Antonyms: bound, confined, enchained
Sentence: We must disenthrall ourselves from time-honored ways of doing things, or we will never progress as a society.
6. LUGUBRIOUS (adj.) : उदास
Pronunciation: luh·goo·bree·uhs
Meaning: looking or sounding sad and dismal.
Synonyms: mournful, gloomy, sad
Antonyms: bright, cheerful, cheering
Sentence: Why are you looking so lugubrious?
7. RIFE (adj.) : व्याप्त
Pronunciation: rife
Meaning: (especially of something undesirable or harmful) of common occurrence; widespread.
Synonyms: widespread, general, common
Antonyms: blank, devoid
Sentence: Corruption was rife before the election.
8. EDIFY (verb) : उपदेश देना
Pronunciation: eh·duh·fai
Meaning: instruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually.
Synonyms: educate, instruct, teach
Antonyms: confuse, perplex, puzzle
Sentence: They tried to edify the child with music.
9. PROPONENT (noun) : समर्थक
Pronunciation: pruh·poh·nuhnt
Meaning: a person who actively supports or favors a cause
Synonyms: advocate, supporter, upholder
Antonyms: adversary, antagonist, opponent
Sentence: She has always been a strong proponent of women’s rights.
10. SEDENTARY (adj.) : निष्क्रिय
Pronunciation: seh·duhn·tree
Meaning: (of a person) tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive.
Synonyms: dormant, immobile, inanimate
Antonyms: active, mobile, busy
Sentence: They led a sedentary life after retirement, spending their days in front of the television.
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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