Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 01 July 2022


Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning.
Happy learning!!!
1. BYSTANDER (noun) : दर्शक
Pronunciation: bai·stand·uh
Meaning: a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part.
Synonyms: onlooker, spectator, nonparticipant
Antonyms: participant, contributor, activist
Sentence: It looks like an innocent bystander was killed instead of you.
2. APPALL (verb) : डराना
Pronunciation: uh·pawl
Meaning: greatly dismay or horrify.
Synonyms: horrify, shock, dismay
Antonyms: delight, gratify, please
Sentence: I was appalled by what I saw.
3. ABRIDGED (adj.) : संक्षिप्त
Pronunciation: uh·brijd
Meaning: (of a piece of writing) having been shortened.
Synonyms: shortened, cut, cut short
Antonyms: extended, lengthy, long
Sentence: It was abridged from the original work.
4. PAUPER (noun) : कंगाल
Pronunciation: paw·puh
Meaning: a very poor person.
Synonyms: poor person, indigent, bankrupt
Antonyms: affluent, billionaire, tycoon
Sentence: He did die a pauper and is buried in an unmarked grave.
5. MUGGING (noun) : डकैती
Pronunciation: muhg·uhng
Meaning: an act of attacking and robbing someone in a public place.
Synonyms: break-in, burglary, robbing
Antonyms: aid, health, compliment
Sentence: Crime is on the increase, especially mugging and burglary.
6. CONFUTING (verb) : झूठा ठहराना
Pronunciation: kuhn·fyoot·uhng
Meaning: prove (a person or an assertion) to be wrong.
Synonyms: disprove, show/prove to be false, contradict
Antonyms: proving, validating, verifying
Sentence: Theories that will eventually be confirmed or confuted by experience.
7. BURGHER (noun) : नगरवासि
Pronunciation: buh·guh
Meaning: a citizen of a town or city, typically a member of the wealthy bourgeoisie.
Synonyms: citizen, townie, native
Antonyms: noncitizen, tourist, visitor
Sentence: Many of the college students are regarded by the local burghers as obnoxious louts.
8. KNACK (noun) : आदत
Pronunciation: nak
Meaning: an acquired or natural skill at performing a task.
Synonyms: aptitude, aptness, skill
Antonyms: inability, incapacity
Sentence: He has a knack for saying the wrong thing.
9. MOIETY (noun) : आधा भाग
Pronunciation: moy·uh·tee
Meaning: each of two parts into which a thing is or can be divided.
Synonyms: half, piece, part
Antonyms: entirety, whole, full
Sentence: The tax was to be delivered in two moieties.
10. QUINTESSENCE (noun) : सारांश
Pronunciation: kvuhn·teh·sns
Meaning: the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.
Synonyms: perfect example, exemplar, acme
Antonyms: exteriority, outside, extra
Sentence: John is the quintessence of good manners.
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
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