Vocabulary - Exceptional English Words With Meanings : 10 May 2021

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Exceptional words of English vocabulary from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’ are listed here. Go through these words and read the usages to learn how to use them in sentences. After this, take the quiz based on the vocabulary to check how much you learnt. This will really help you boost up your learning. 
Happy learning!!!
 
1.SUBJUGATION (noun) अधीनता
Pronunciation: suhb·ju·gei·shn
Meaning: to be controlled or forced to do something
Synonyms: slavery, bondage, captivity, enslavement, labor, serfdom, servitude
Antonyms: freedom, independence, mastery
Usage: The greatest achievement of the reign was the subjugation of Bulgaria.
 
2.FORESTALL (verb) पहले ही रोक देना
Pronunciation: faw·stawl
Meaning: to stop something from happening
Synonyms: prevent, anticipate, avert, deter, hinder, preclude, thwart
Antonyms: aid, allow, assist
Usage: Fortunately at the last minute, a mediator was able to talk to the two world leaders and forestall a war.
 
3.SLAM (verb) ज़ोर से पटक देना
Pronunciation: faw·stawl
Meaning: to shut with loud and with forceful power
Synonyms: bang, bat, batter, beat, dash, fling, smash
Antonyms: open, tap
Usage: Mother warned the children not to slam the kitchen door, but they always shut it behind them forcefully.
 
4.ARBITRARY (adjective)  स्वेच्छित, अनियन्त्रित
Pronunciation: aa·buh·truh·ree
Meaning: chosen or done at random
Synonyms: whimsical, random, capricious, chance, erratic, inconsistent, unreasoned
Antonyms: rational, reasoned, consistent
Usage: Emily made an arbitrary decision to drive across the country.
 
5.CLUMSY (adjective)  बेढंगा
Pronunciation: kluhm·zee
Meaning: awkward in movement or handling things
Synonyms: awkward, uncoordinated, ungraceful, inelegant, gawky, cloddish, blundering
Antonyms: graceful, coordinated, elegant
Usage: I would never trust someone who is clumsy as a surgeon, since such a career requires finesse and precision.
 
6.WHIRL (verb) घुमाव
Pronunciation: wuhl
Meaning: the act of rotating rapidly
Synonyms: spin, revolution, flurry, swirl, circle, circuit, circulation
Antonyms: calm, peace
Usage: The tornado continued to whirl around, kicking up dust along its path.
 
7.PERILOUS (adjective) ख़तरनाक
Pronunciation: peh·ruh·luhs
Meaning: full of danger or risk
Synonyms: dangerous, hazardous, risky, unsafe, treacherous, precarious, vulnerable
Antonyms: safe, secure, protected
Usage: Putting out wildfires is a very perilous job.
 
8.GERMINATE (verb) उगना
Pronunciation: juh·muh·neit
Meaning: to grow or develop
Synonyms: grow, sprout, bud, develop, generate, vegetate
Antonyms: cease, compress, halt
Usage: The plants need an adequate amount of water to germinate.
 
9.SURGE (noun) लहर, वृद्धि
Pronunciation: suhj
Meaning: a sudden increase
Synonyms: rush, grow, rise, stream, arise, growth, tower
Antonyms: decrease, descend, lessen
Usage: Because of low supply and high demand, there is a sudden surge in the price of natural oil.
 
10.NULLIFY (verb) – रद्द करना
Pronunciation: nuh·luh·fai
Meaning: make ineffective
Synonyms: cancel, revoke, abolish, abrogate, annul, invalidate, negate
Antonyms: ratify, validate, confirm
Usage: Hopefully the coffee will nullify the drowsy effects of the medication and allow me to stay awake.
 
Now choose any 2 or 3 words, try to use them in your own sentences and share your sentences in the comment section. This will help you to retain the learnt words for a longer duration.
 
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