SSC CGL 2019 TIER – 1 | Important Miscellaneous Questions
Direction (1-5): In the following questions, the 1st and the last sentences of a passage are numbered 1 and 6. The rest of the passage is split into four parts and labeled A, B, C and D. These four parts are not given in their proper order. Read the sentence and find out which of the four combinations is correct.
Q1. 1. In this new study we focused on seed dispersal and insect predation, two ecosystem processes where birds play important roles.
A. Insect-eating (insectivorous) birds ensure that any germinating saplings have a fighting chance at survival.
B. We subsequently measured thousands of different bird species’ beaks, wings and legs in museum collections.
C. Fruit-eating (or frugivorous) birds spread the seeds of forest trees.
D. The initial data collection involved nine months of gruelling fieldwork surveying the region’s birds.
6. Finally, new analytical procedures were used to show how the types of birds present, and with them their how their body designs changed as the landscape evolved.
Q2. 1. Biodiversity reaches its zenith in south-east Peru.
A. Nowhere on Earth can you find more species of animals and plants than in this corner of the Amazon that rubs up against the feet of the towering Andean mountains.
B. In 2012, I spent a hectic few days in the exhausting Madre de Dios region, at the invitation of the Peruvian tourist board, which wanted to raise awareness of the region’s potential.
C. These forests are also home to a culturally diverse human population, many of whom still live in voluntary isolation from the rest of humanity.
D. This vast wilderness of 2m square km of rainforests and savannahs is formed of the headwaters of three major river basins, the Juruá, Purús, and Madeira.
6. In the lush lowland rainforests our team of ornithologists recorded more than 240 bird species in a few hours.
Q3. 1. The reality of mermaids was assumed during medieval times, when they were depicted matter-of-factly alongside known aquatic animals such as whales.
A. One story dating back to the 1600s claimed that a mermaid had entered Holland through a dike, and was injured in the process.
B. Hundreds of years ago sailors and residents in coastal towns around the world told of encountering the sea maidens.
C. She eventually became a productive citizen, learning to speak Dutch, perform household chores, and eventually converted to Catholicism.
D. She was taken to a nearby lake and soon nursed back to health.
6. Another mermaid encounter once offered as a true story is described in Edward Snow's "Incredible Mysteries and Legends of the Sea.
Q4. 1. In most cultures, clothing was introduced as a method of protecting the human body against extreme weather conditions -strong winds, intense heat, cold and precipitation.
A. Finally, more impermeable weaves protect the human body from coming into contact with the water of rain or snow.
B. Additionally, the clear weaves of clothing avoid the ultraviolet radiation of the sun and the burns in the skin, protecting it, therefore, from the heat.
C. Since water is an excellent thermal storage cell, when the cold rain drops of snow flakes fall and touch the human skin, they immediately send through the nerve cells a message to the human brain that the exposed area is becoming colder than the rest of the body and causing people to feel discomfort.
D. In particular, the weaves of clothes prevent the circulation of air around the skin and thus, avoid the exit of the air reheated by the skin, which makes people feel uncomfortable and cold.
6. But people wear clothing for functional as well as social reasons.
Q5. 1. Stress isn’t always bad.
A. But in today’s hectic world, the workplace too often seems like an emotional roller coaster.
B. A little bit of stress can help you stay focused, energetic, and able to meet new challenges in the workplace.
C. Long hours, tight deadlines, and ever-increasing demands can leave you feeling worried, drained, and overwhelmed.
D. It’s what keeps you on your toes during a presentation or alert to prevent accidents or costly mistakes.
6. And when stress exceeds your ability to cope, it stops being helpful and starts causing damage to your mind and body—as well as to your job satisfaction.
Direction (6-10): Read the paragraphs carefully and out of four given options; choose the best answer to each question.
While we appreciate the blessings nature bestows on us, we forget that we are plundering her treasures and thereby divesting our children of the pleasure of enjoying nature in all her abundance and variety in the future. The beauty of nature has been extolled in the works of poets and artists. When Wordsworth describes the daffodils dancing in the breeze or when our eyes alight on a painting by William Turner, our hearts are filled with an indescribable emotion. If a mere representation can move us so much, imagine the power of the real thing. If you have seen Massachusetts during fall season, you can never forget it in your lifetime. Nature has myriad facets. If the sea was a bright blue in the morning, by noon it has become an emerald green hue. The colors of the sky keep changing from pale pink at dawn to a dazzling blue at mid morning and a bright orange by sunset and purple by twilight. Nature reflects our moods. When the sun shines, we feel happy and hopeful.
When clouds cover the sky and the rain falls in torrents, we feel pensive. A balmy moonlit night can awaken the lover in us. Such is the transformative power of nature’s beauty. Even evil surrenders before the beauty of nature. It has been observed that patients in hospital recover faster if they are in a room with windows that offer a pleasant view. Beyond providing pure pleasure, nature’s beauty can therefore offer therapy for sick minds and bodies. So it is all the more ________ that we do our best to preserve it for future generations.
Q6. What is being forgotten by us?
(a) That we are ransacking nature’s treasures.
(b) That we are depriving our children of pleasure of enjoying nature.
(c) That nature is bestowing blessings on us.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Q7. How does the beauty of nature, highly appreciated in the works of poets and artists, affect us?
(a) It fills our hearts with inexpressible emotions.
(b) It describes the scenes of Massachusetts during fall season.
(c) Expression of beauty of nature moves us so much.
(d) Both (a) and (c)
Q8. Which of the following statements is/are true?
(a) Nature has a definite number of facets.
(b) The colour of the sky turns from bright pink to pale orange by sunset.
(c) Nature can transform our mood.
(d) First we feel happy then the sun shines.
Q9. Which of the following statements is/are true?
(a) Patients in hospital recover faster if they are in the room.
(b) Nature provides pure pleasure.
(c) Evil withstands the beauty of nature.
(d) All of the above
Q10. Which of the following words can appropriately fill the blank given in the last sentence?
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Answers With Explanation:-
Ans1. Option (c)
Ans2. Option (a)
Ans3. Option (d)
Ans4. Option (d)
Ans5. Option (b)
Ans6. Option (d) is the correct answer as it is clear from “we forget that we are plundering her treasures and thereby divesting our children of the pleasure of enjoying nature”.
Ans7. Option (d) is the correct answer as it is clear from “When Wordsworth describes the daffodils dancing in the breeze or when our eyes alight on a painting by William Turner, our hearts are filled with an indescribable emotion.” and “mere representation can move us so much”.
Ans8. Option (c) is the correct answer as it is clear from “When clouds cover the sky and the rain falls in torrents, we feel pensive. A balmy moonlit night can awaken the lover in us. Such is the transformative power of nature’s beauty”.
Ans9. Option (b) is the correct answer as it is clear from “Beyond providing pure pleasure, nature’s beauty can therefore offer therapy for sick minds and bodies”.
Ans10. Option (c)