Reading Comprehensive Questions for SBI PO Mains Exam - 1
Directions (1-10): Read the passages given below and answer the questions. Few words have been given in bold to answer some questions.
Nearly 10 lakh people are engaged in the handicrafts business, including manufacturing, in this city, which is also home to a thousand exporters. There are 18 districts in Uttar Pradesh where the handicrafts industry is a primary source of livelihood. But the Centre seems oblivious to the concerns of Shafaat Khan and other exporters like him.
During Question Hour in Parliament in the most recent session, when opposition members quizzed Minister of State for Commerce and Industry Nirmala Sitharaman about the reports of job losses due to demonetisation, the Minister said the government had not received any such information and added that there were no data to support such claims.
The government had clearly not considered it important enough to collect data on the economic hardship caused to people, both long term and short term. Responding to another query, Union Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya denied that there had been loss of employment in any form in the last three months. He quoted from a report of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), which said that there would be a decline in the rate of unemployment from 2016 until 2018, but refused to comment on any specific loss of jobs due to demonetisation. The Union Labour Ministry has been in the forefront of introducing several amendments to labour and wage laws in order to facilitate the digitisation of wages, notwithstanding the lack of feasibility.
The Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey of the Labour Bureau (2015-16), which was released in September 2016, two months before demonetisation, made the following observation: “It is pretty well known that many of the persons who are reported as ‘employed’ or ‘workers’ in official publications do not get work for the entire duration of their stay in the labour force. And even those who get some work or the other for the entire duration may be getting work for only a small fraction of the time they are available for work. This apart, some may be working on jobs that do not allow them to fully utilise their abilities or from which they earn very low incomes. All this constitutes underemployment which remains a worrying aspect of the employment-unemployment scenario.”
It was no surprise, therefore, that the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS), the trade union and ideological affiliate of the Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which had earlier welcomed the government’s decision, reacted sharply to the Union Budget for not making provisions for the workforce adversely affected by the shutting down of many industries. Some 2.5 lakh unregistered units have reportedly been forced to close down, causing tremendous misery to workers. The BMS also pointed out that the real estate sector, which it said was founded on the basis of “black money”, had been badly hit, throwing crores of workers out of work. “We had hoped that the government would make some announcement in the Budget for the working class but it didn’t,” Virjesh Upadhyay, general secretary of the BMS, told the magazine.
The union objected to the government’s use of the Rajasthan model of labour reforms for the entire country and pointed out that the proposed changes in labour laws had been opposed by every trade union in the country. There had not been any spurt in investment or industrialisation in Rajasthan, as was expected, subsequent to the changes in labour laws in the State, the BMS said. It also objected strongly to the Central government’s move to sell its stake in public sector enterprises and the dissolution of the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB). This was in sharp contrast to the BMS’ November 25 statement, in which it appealed to “labourers and common people of the country to take the initiative to make demonetisation a success”. The union had also hoped that the revenue collected following demonetisation would be used for greater spending in the social sector, and for the strengthening of the social security fund and infrastructure. On February 1, it said: “There was huge revenue collection through demonetisation but [the] same has not been transferred in social spending.
Q1). Select the most suitable option for the phrase: ““the forefront of introducing several amendments to labour and wage laws in order to facilitate the digitisation of wages”.
- They are trying to enlarge the wages of labours so as to make it more digitalized.
- They are modifying many laws so as to promote digitization
- They are making demonitisation responsible for job loss.
- They are trying to improve the wages of the labours.
- None of these
Q2). What is the main reason for closing of many industries?
- The changes due to demonitisation.
- Low income of the labours is the reason for the loss.
- Employability due to demonitisation
- The government decision which leads to many changes in the economy and society.
- All are correct
Q3). What debt doesn’t occurred due to demonitisation changes occurred in the country during the year 2015-16.
- Recession in the field of business
- ‘Black Money’
- Economic ebb and flows
- All are correct
Q4). Who had twisted the behaviour later when the business class is at loss?
- Different government parties and Unions
- Labour unions
- Business Communities
- Centeral Government
- None of these
Q5). General Secretary of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh promotes and works for?
- Government decision
- For the Working class people
- For Business people looking for new opportunities.
- For huge revenue collection
- All are Correct
Q6). FIPS want development in which sector?
- Social Sector and its security
- For Labours and common people
- For Business people
- Employability in India
- All are correct