India's trusted Educational Blog

Language :


Constitution of India Part-1 Study Notes for SSC & Other Competitive Exam

Constitution of India Part-1:
  • “Constitution is defined as the set of fundamental principles or rules according to which a state or an organization is acknowledged to be governed. It is the supreme law of India”.
  • The idea of Constitution was given for the first time by the Indian philosopher ManabendraNath Roy.
  • Indian National Congress demanded the Constitution for the first time in 1935. It was framed by the Constituent Assembly which was set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.
Constituent Assembly:
  • The Assembly consisted of 389 members representing provinces (292), states (93), the Chief Commissioner Provinces (3) and Baluchistan (1).
  • The Constituent Assembly was first met on 9th December 1946 under the Chairmanship of Dr. SachidanandSinha(Provisional Chairman).
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected its Permanent Chairman on 11th December 1946.
  • It adopted the "Objective Resolution"moved by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 13th December 1946which later became the Preamble of the Constitution.
  • The Draft of Indian Constitution was presented in October 1947. President of the Drafting Committee was BhimRaoAmbedkar.
  • The total time consumed to prepare the draft was 2 years, 11 months, 18 days.
  • The Constituent Assembly was the First Parliament of Independent India.
  • was the Advisor to Constituent Assembly.
  • On 26 Nov. 1949, the process of framing the constitution was completed and Constituent assembly adopted the constitution. 284 members signed the document.
  • On 26 Jan 1950, the Constitution of India became operative.
  • Originally the Constitution consisted of 22 Parts and 8 Schedules.
Functions performed by the Constituent Assembly:
  • Enacting of ordinary laws
  • Adopted National Flag on 22nd July 1947
  • Adopted National Anthem on 24th January 1950
  • Adopted National Song on 24th January 1950
  • Elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first President of India: 26 January 1950
Important Committees of the Constituent Assembly:
 
S.No
Committee
Chairman
1.
Drafting Committee
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
2
Union Powers Committee
Jawaharlal Nehru
3
Union Constitution Committee
Jawaharlal Nehru
4
Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities (2 Sub-Committees)
Sardar Patel
4.(a)
Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee
J.B. Kriplani
4.(b)
Minorities Sub-Committee
H.C. Mukherjee
5.
Steering Committee
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
6.
States Negotiation Committee
Jawaharlal Nehru
7.
Rules of Procedure Committee
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
8.
Provincial Constitution Committee
Sardar Patel
 
Sources of Indian Constitution:
 
Government of India Act 1935
  • Federal Scheme
  • Office of Governor
  • Federal Judiciary
  • Public Service Commission
  • Emergency Provisions
  • Administrative Details
British Constitution
  • Parliamentary form of government
  • Post of Prime Minister
  • Single citizenship
  • Bicameral Legislature
  • The idea of the Rule of law
  • Institution of Speaker and his role
  • Lawmaking procedure
  • Procedure established by Law
American Constitution
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Federal structure of Government
  • Vice President
  • Independence of the judiciary
  • Judicial review
  • Impeachment of President
  • Removal of Judges
Irish Constitution
  • Directive principles of state policy.
  • Nomination of the members of RajyaSabha.
Australian Constitution
  • Concurrent List
  • Joint Sitting
  • Cooperative Federalism
French Constitution
  • Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
Canadian Constitution
  • Federationwith a strong centre.
  • Appointment of the Governors of the state by Centre.
  • Residual powers retained by the central government.
Constitution of the Soviet Union
  • Fundamental Duties
Constitution of South Africa
  • Election of RajyaSabha
  • Amendment in Constitution
Constitution of Germany
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency
Japanese Constitution
  • Procedure established by Law 
 

Related Post

     

Crack IBPS SO 2017

IBPS SO- ONLINE TEST

IBT Institute offer you the most trusted and highly recommended Test Series for IBPS SO Exam. 8 out of every 10 candidates selected in IBPS SO last year opted for IBT Online Test Series.

IBPS SO - CLASS ROOM COURSE

Keeping in mind the IBPS SO Exam, IBT has launched Special batches for IBPS SO Exam to guide you through your preparations. Seats filling fast. Don’t miss out!!

Subscribe Now

IBPS SO 2017

PRE EXAM

TAKE FREE TEST NOW

To Watch Latest Videos

by Expert Trainers

CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE

IBPS CLERK PRE 2017

50 Mock Tests @ Rs 299

20 Full Length Online Tests

30 Sectional Tests for all sections

CLICK HERE TO BUY